Development & Deployment Workflow

This text will give you some guidance how a typical development workflow would look like. Unsurprisingly, the steps should look very familiar since they represent the typical development workflow based on local development, CI/CD and production deployment. The workflow starts from creating a new Flowman project, describes how to run the project locally, build a self-contained redistributable package and then deploy it to a remote repository manager like Nexus.

../_images/flowman-workflow.pngFlowman Development Workflow

The whole workflow is implemented with Apache Maven, but you could of course also chose a different build tool. Maven was chosen simply because one can assume that this is present in a Big Data environment, so no additional installation on developer machines or CI/CD infrastructure is required.

1. Creating a new project from a Maven Archetype

First you need to create a new Flowman project. You can either copy/paste from one of the official Flowman examples, or you can create a new project from a Maven archetype provided. This can be done as follows:

mvn archetype:generate \
  -DarchetypeGroupId=com.dimajix.flowman \
  -DarchetypeArtifactId=flowman-archetype-quickstart \
  -DgroupId=<your-group-id> \ 
  -DartifactId=<your-artifact-id>

This will create a new directory <your-artifact-id>, which looks as follows:

├── assembly.xml
├── conf
│   ├── default-namespace.yml
│   └── flowman-env.sh
├── deps.txt
├── flow
│   ├── config
│   │   ├── aws.yml
│   │   ├── config.yml
│   │   ├── connections.yml
│   │   └── environment.yml
│   ├── documentation.yml
│   ├── job
│   │   └── main.yml
│   ├── mapping
│   │   └── measurements.yml
│   ├── model
│   │   ├── measurements-raw.yml
│   │   └── measurements.yml
│   ├── project.yml
│   ├── schema
│   │   └── measurements.json
│   ├── target
│   │   ├── documentation.yml
│   │   └── measurements.yml
│   └── test
│       └── test-measurements.yml
├── pom.xml
└── README.md

The project provides a skeleton structure with the following entities:

  • A couple of relations (one source measurements_raw and two sinks measurements and measurements_raw)
  • A couple of mapping to extract measurement information from measurements_raw
  • Two targets for writing the extracted measurements as files and to a JDBC database
  • One main job containing both targets
  • A small test suite in the flow/test directory
  • Some configuration options in the flow/config directory

2. Implementing your logic

With this small project, you can now start implementing your business logic. The project contains some predefined relations, mappings, jobs and targets. These will not be of any direct use by you, but they give you some guidance how to implement your logic with the Flowman framework.

You should focus on the following entities:

  • relations, which define the data sources and sinks
  • targets, which define the execution targets to be executed
  • jobs, which bundle multiple related targets into a single executable job Moreover, you might want to adjust environment and connection settings in the config subdirectory.

Once you have implemented your initial logic, you better remove all parts from the original skeleton, specifically you should remove (or replace) all mappings, relations, jobs and targets.

3. Testing your logic

Once you have implemented your business logic and tidied up the original skeleton relations, mappings, etc, you should perform a first test on your local machine. In order to do so, you can either use a local installation of Flowman (a good approach on Linux machines) or run Flowman within a Docker container (the simplest method for all environments, like Linux, Windows and Mac OS).

Chose how to set up Flowman locally

1. Running with installed Flowman

In order to run tests with a local Flowman installation, you first need to setup Flowman on your local machine as described in the documentation.

2. Running wih Docker

A much simpler option than setting up a local Flowman development installation is to use the pre-built Docker images. This approach is recommended especially for Windows users, but is also very simple for Linux and Mac users.

docker run --rm -ti --mount type=bind,source=<your-project-dir>,target=/opt/flowman/project dimajix/flowman:0.27.0-oss-spark3.3-hadoop3.3 bash

Using Flowman Shell

Once you have decided on the approach (local installation or Docker) for running Flowman, you can easily start the Flowman shell via

bin/flowshell -f <your-project-dir>

Please read more about using the Flowman Shell in the corresponding documentation.

Whenever you change something in your project, you can easily reload the project in the shell via

project reload

4. Building a complete package

Once you are happy with your results, you can build a self-contained redistributable package with Maven via

mvn clean install

This will run all tests and create package <your-artifactId>-<version>-dist-bin.tar.gz contained inside the target directory. The package will contain both Flowman and your project. It will not include Spark or Hadoop, these still need to be provided by your environment.

Note for Windows users: Maven will also execute all tests in your Flowman project. The Hadoop dependency will require the so called WinUtils to be installed on your machine, please read more about setting up your Windows environment.

5. Pushing to remote Repository

This step possibly should be performed via a CI/CD pipeline (for example Jenkins). Of course the details heavily depend on your infrastructure, but basically the following command will do the job:

mvn deploy

This will deploy the packaged self-contained redistributable archive to a remote repository manager like Nexus. Of course, you will need to configure appropriate credentials in your Maven settings.xml (this is a user-specific settings file, and not part of the project).

6. Deploying to Production

This is the most difficult part and completely depends on your build and deployment infrastructure and on your target environment (Kubernetes, Cloudera, EMR, …). But generally, the following steps need to be performed:

1. Fetch redistributable package from remote repository

You can use Maven again to retrieve the correct package via

mvn dependency:get -Dartifact=<your-groupId>:<your-artifactId>:<version> -Ddest=<your-dest-directory>

2. Unpack redistributable package at appropriate location

You can easily unpack the package, which will provide a complete Flowman installation (minus Spark and Hadoop):

tar xvzf <your-artifactId>-<version>-dist-bin.tar.gz

3. Run on your infrastructure

Within the installation directory, you can easily run Flowman via

bin/flowexec -f flow test run

Or you can of course also start the Flowman Shell via

bin/flowshell -f flow